Notes on Scruton's Beauty, A Very Brief Introduction.

Scruton refers to lots of examples. A great many of them will be unfamiliar so I have given references that make it easy to access them. Naturally some of Scruton's examples are relatively unimportant. Others are important, especially if relevant to the paper you are writing for that chapter.

URLs for Scruton, Ch. 1. The URLs for the items listed by name only are given in the lecture outlines or are found on Wikipedia for the name given.
Bernini, St. Teresa in ecstasy: Enlarge using the zoom icon.
Porcelain figures, German, 18th and 19th century: Enlarge.
Louis Sullivan “Form follows function”: The Guarantee Building in Buffalo and the decorative frieze on the Wainwright Building in St. Louise are relevant.
Walter Gropius' Bauhaus complex at Dessau is an extreme example of putting function first and foremost.
Le Corbusier's Villa Savoye is another paradigm but there's no harshness to it
Sancta Sophia:
The Alhambra,a classic case of beautiful architecture.
Orlando di Lasso, Motet for eight voices.
Bela Bartok, The Miraculous Mandarin.A quote from Wikipedia article about the opening: 'The score begins with an orchestral depiction of the "concrete jungle." The violins have rapidly rising and falling, wave-like scales over the very unusual interval of an augmented octave. One of the central motifs of the work is set forward in bar 3—a 6/8 rhythm in minor seconds. This motif will reappear at the violent actions of the tramps. The sound of car horns is imitated by fanfares on the trumpets and trombones. As the curtain rises, the violas play a wide-leaping theme that will be associated both with the tramps and the girl.'
Gabriel Faure, Requiem: In paradisum; and Pavane:

References, URLs and others, for the visuals presented in class re. Ch. 2. Where no URL is given look up the name on Google and select the Wikipedia entry, which you will find contains the illustration.
Beautiful proportions (Beauty Supplement)
Bodily condition, beautiful vs. unbeautiful (in class)
Lisa Lyon: (esp. 9.1, 8.7, 8.9)
Anonymous obese:[term]=obese%20women&filters[primary]=images&filters[secondary]=videos&sort=1&o=2

Arnold Newman, Georgia O'Keeffe: (ex. of beautiful older woman)
Arnold Newman, Georges Braque: (example of beautiful older man)
David, Death of Marat (death)
Stalin's body:
Karsh, Churchill (example of a man beautifully expressive of determination)
Trumbull, George Washington at the battle of Princeton:
Simoni Martini, Annunciation (utterly nonsensuous spiritual humility) Makes a perfect match with the Orlando di Lasso Motet cited in the lecture with an URL.
Michelangelo, The Bruges Madonna and Child 1501-1504 Michelangelo, The Vatican Pieta 1498-99's_Pieta_5450_cropncleaned_edit.jpg

URLs for Scruton, Ch. 3. Same as above re. URLs not given here.
Photograph of savannah in Venezuela. Beauty Supplement pp. 27.
Mona Lisa
Song Dynasty landscape:
Claude Lorraine
J.M.W. Turner Tintern Abbey
J.M.W. Turner Shipwreck:
Thomas Rowlandson (Dr. Syntax):
John Constable:
Salgado iceberg:
Salgado desert:
Additional landscapes in England under "Chiltern Hills" and "Haddon Hall, Derbyshire"

URLs for Scruton, Ch.4, Everyday Beauty.
English landscape gardens, French formal gardens Wikipedia sites.
Dublin doorways:
Japanese temple doorway:
The joint:
A good woodworking site:
Mudhif reed architecture: Wikipedia "mudhif"
Yoshinogara dwellings: Wikipedia
John Townsend bureau: Wikipedia Metropolitan Museum John Townsend bureau
Ng's Maloof-inspired chair:
Fashions: sites under "saggy pants," "bumsters," "street wear" as opposed to high fashion, as on the Parisian runways: 

URLs for visuals re. Ch.5. Ditto the preceding rules.
Duchamp "Fountain" and "Nude descending..." by name on the web.
Lichtenstein's wit: images below. 

Schwitter's Ursonate: see URL in the lecture outline.
Van Gogh's chair. Plenty of images on the web.
Chardin's kettle:
Zuburan still life:
Fantin-Latour still life: Wiki article by artist's name.
Millet's gleaners: Wiki article by that name
Bouguereau articles on internet for the images of his work. Start with Wikipedia by his name.
"Anselm Adams winter sunrise" by that name; Dawn, Mt. Whitney, Sierra Nevada, California 1932 ditto.
Gursky, Andreas.

Art Photography - an example of photo-minimalism. Andreas Gursky's Rhein II, 1999. Glass-mounted 350cm x 200cm (80in x 140in).

Kiefer, Anselm.
Rothko, Mark
Several videos re. Cirque du Soleil and dance in general on Lecture Outline 23.


URLs for Ch. 6 (Google where no specific URL is given; Wikipedia usually)
Botticelli spatial analysis: See article on my home page "Getting deeper into pictures..."
Whistler nocturne:
Whistler, Nocturne in Grey and Gold, Westminster Bridge
Whistler: Black Lion Wharf. 1859. Etching
Whistler: Harmony in Pink and in Grey: Portrait of Lady Meux
Whistler: Zaandam: the Netherlands, etching
Whistler, Nocturne: The River at Battersea, lithotint
Rembrandt, The Mill
Turner: Staffa, Fingal's Cave
Michelangelo, Laurentian Library vestibule
Michelangelo S. Lorenzo facade model:
Giuliano Sangallo,
Raphael as architect
Nashville Parthenon
Giovanni Bellini, San Zaccaria altarpiece

URLs for Scruton Ch. 7
Titian's Venus of Urbino
(Boucher) Marie-Louise O'Murphy
Boucher, Toilette of Venus
Boucher, Triumph of Venus: Japanese Shunga prints.
Paul Avril, pornographic illustrations.
Petty girl images (if not the one I showed):,g.htm
Courbet, Sleep
Courbet, L'origine du monde (this is the one I thought too hot -- some would say too gross -- to show in class)
Botticelli, Birth of Venus
Botticelli, Primavera
Rembrandt, Susanna and the elders: choose the1647 version.
Manet Olympia
Philippe Halsman, Marilyn Monroe
Arnold Newman, Marilyn Monroe:

URLs for Scruton Chs 8ff. Same rules as before. Googling as a default.
Bouguereau Nymphs and Satyr (Google)
Kitsch images: Wikipedia articles "Kitsch," "Vladimir Tretchikoff."
David, Oath of the Horatii
Hindu painting
Brian Donnelly's realist paintings:
Egyptian gods Thoth and Horus
Richard Estes' photorealistic painting: ; Dax Norman:
Lichtenstein comic-derived paintings, e.g. Whaam!: Wiki. Also see images above under Ch. 5
Leger, Les Plongeurs (The Divers):
Kandinsky, Improvisation VI
Spiegelman, Maus, a survivor's tale: Google Maus images.
Damien Hirst, Wikipedia and Self-Portrait:
Brian Donnelly, Self-Portrait: same site as preceding.
Kaws' SpongeBob and other comic motif images : For SpongeBob: Google KAWS The Silent City.
Another artistic use of comic-type images of a non-popular sort by Jean Dubuffet is the L'Hourloupe series illustrated and discussed at: I didn't exhibit or mention this but it provides another point of reference in considering Kaws' Silent City.

Scruton on truth, goodness, and beauty further analyzed.
Scruton’s formulations don’t always bring out the complications in the relations among these three.
1. Beauty is an intrinsic value, whether or not it is an inherent property, as opposed to a response-dependent one. It is important not to conflate those two ideas:
<Intrinsic vs. instrumental [value]> and <Inherent vs. relational: esp. response-dependent [property]>
2. Beautiful but not true and beautiful but not good are both possible where the beautiful thing has propositional content (poem, play, novel, or designated portrait or landscape). There is no contradiction in these contrasts.
3. Pursuit of beauty, truth, or goodness is quite different from the existence of the same. Similarly enjoyment of the same is logically independent of existence.
Similarly belief in the beauty of the content of a proposition differs from belief in its truth.
Similarly belief in the moral goodness of an action or person differs from belief in its beauty.
4. a. Rationality requires us to believe what we have reason to believe is true (not just what is true).
b. Similarly rationality requires us to desire what we have reason to think good (not just what is good.)
c. Similarly rationality requires us to enjoy what we have reason to think beautiful (not just what is so).
c’. Rationality only requires us to hope that what we enjoy is beautiful.
“          “          “          “          “          “          “          “ not unbeautiful.
5. Optimistic rationalism (optimistic about our cognitive powers) will hold that in the main these contrasts can be resolved. Thus in the main:
d. Cognitive rationalism requires us in the main to believe the true (in accordance with our reason for belief).
Even if d is true, to get the same brief principle for goodness we must adopt a stronger rationalism, one that supposes dedication to goodness. Then:
e. Good will rationalism requires us in the main to pursue the good…
Even assuming the preceding, to get an aesthetic counterpart we must suppose beauty-perceptiveness and beauty-preference. Then:
f. Aesthetic rationalism requires us in the main to enjoy the beautiful.